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Tanuputri M R, Chaveesuk R, Guritno A D. A Collaborative Approach for Importing Halal Food Products in Major Ports of Indonesia. FAER. 2017; 3 (1) :1-7
URL: http://europeansp.org/article-13-115-en.html
Department of Agro-Industrial Technology, Kasetsart University, 50 Ngamwongwan Rd. Lad Yao, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10900 Thailand
Abstract:   (113 Views)
The collaboration among all stakeholders within the supply chain is necessary for the effectiveness of the supply chain. In the country scale, National logistics and supply chain have impact on the logistics performance and cost in which affecting the competitiveness of a country. National logistics contribute to the Gross Domestics Product (GDP), where the high logistics cost can impede economic growth of a country. Currently, Indonesia is one of the countries with high logistics cost at around 23.6% of GDP, ranks 63rd in the world, and 4th in ASEAN for Logistics Performance Index (LPI). This study explores a relationship and collaboration of stakeholders in the importation of Halal food products at the major sea ports of Indonesia. Convenience sampling was used as sampling methodology and in-depth interviews were employed to analyze the current issues in each stakeholder. Then, IDEF0 diagram and process activity mapping were used to identify the relationships among stakeholders and show the flow of activity in each stakeholder in the importation process at two major sea ports in Indonesia: Tanjung Priok port, Jakarta and Tanjung Perak port, Surabaya. T-test statistics was also conducted to test the difference between customs clearance time in both ports. The main stakeholders under this study include importers, Quarantine, Customs, and freight forwarder (FF). Based on the in-depth interview, many importers technically give an authority to the FF for handling all customs issues, the National Agency of Drug and Food Control (known as BPOM) issues and delivery task. Some issues in the pre-customs clearance and customs clearance were identified in this study. The results of this study show that the mean time for customs clearance in Tanjung Priok port (3.87 days) is slightly longer than that of Tanjung Perak port (3.11 days) due to an imbalance between facility and growth of trade flow in Tanjung Priok port. Moreover, port traffic condition has become the limitation for delivery activity which eventually affect logistics cost. The process activity mapping shows that most of activities in this study were classified as Necessary but Non-Value Added Activity (NNVA) in which need the further improvement. In response to the aforementioned issues, Indonesian government should put more priority in improving port facility and infrastructure and also strengthening INSW by integrating with other related government agencies. The more collaboration between Quarantine and Customs at the port are needed to enhance the effectiveness of customs clearance. Moreover, a development of the collaboration between importer and manufacturer by encouraging higher communication and coordination may reduce the repetitive work in the pre-customs clearance, while higher collaboration between importer and FF in terms of delivery task and warehouse management may reduce the risk of penalty fee for container storage. © 2016 The Authors. Published by European Science publishing Ltd. Selection and peer-review under responsibility of the Organizing Committee of European Science publishing Ltd.
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Received: 2019/08/8 | Accepted: 2019/08/8 | Published: 2019/08/8

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